I have been playing the alternating-bass style of fingerpicking (Peidmont style, Travis picking, etc.) for a long time and am very comfortable with it. I recently realized that some players, especially "folk" players for lack of a better term, throw in a strum every now and then along with the alternating-bass fingerpicking, especially when they are singing. Some examples are James Taylor, Tim O'Brien, and Stephen Stills (on "Helplessly Hoping" which started this whole thread). A couple of questions. First, how do you do the strum? I assume that you do it downwards, with the back of the index finger, or index and middle fingers, like the "brush" in clawhammer banjo? Second, where does the strum come in the alternating-bass pattern? If the 4 bass notes in the pattern are downbeats 1, 2, 3 and 4, does the strum replace one of the bass notes? Which one? Or does it come on one of the "ands" (upbeats)? Thank you!