Hit the nail right on the head there. I've said on here before that when we got Alex, he was sort of a rescue dog. He had a mind of his own, but I continued to work with him until he's now under voice command controls. He was never harmed, or beaten or any of that stuff, I just used the skills I developed in training hunting dogs to get him righted. Yesterday, when we returned from our walk, I unleashed him about a hundred and fifty feet from the house, and he decided he was going to head off on the side street we were crossing, a stern call to him was all that was needed to turn him around and come back to me, and head on home. If you are going to be an animal owner, you should have at least the rudimentary skills to train the animal to obey you, not because you want to have control, but because you MUST have control of him to safeguard his well being. Toto was so easily trained it was almost unnecessary, but I did work with him to make sure that he would obey me, because they do not always see the dangers to themselves, and it's up to you to take care of them.